Qualifications: U.S. Border Patrol Agent

Qualifications to be a U.S. Border Patrol Agent are:


Nationality, Age and Education

  • You must successfully pass a polygraph exam

  • You must be a U.S. citizen to apply for this position

  • You must have resided in the U.S. for the last 3 years

  • NEW (5/1/16) Referred for selection prior to your 40th birthday (waiver available for Veterans)

  • You must successfully pass a background investigation

  • Convictions of misdemeanor crime of domestic violence are disqualifying

  • You will be required to carry a firearm

  • You will be required to work regular and recurring shift work

  • You must meet job-related medical, fitness and drug-testing standards

  • You must have a valid driver's license

  • NOTE: Strange as it sounds, the CBP does not explcitly state a minimum age or that you have to have a high school diploma! There are some conditions explained in their official job description on USAJOBS.com describing how certain work expereince can be used  as an alternate to a high school diploma. Sgt. Godoy


Required Examinations

Before applicants can be considered for employment, they must pass the:

  • Pre-employment fitness test-1 (PFT1)

  • You must take and pass the CBP Border Patrol entrance examination. The CBP Border Patrol entrance examination is a three-part test that covers logical reasoning skill; the Spanish language or, if you don't speak Spanish, an artificial language test that predicts your ability to learn Spanish; and an assessment of job-related experiences and achievements.

  • Your résumé must completely and specifically describe your job duties that you want considered in the determination. All transcripts, grade-point calculations, and other documentation must be submitted to the CBP Minneapolis Hiring Center. Failure to provide this documentation will result in your ineligibility for the position.

  • You must pass a urine drug test: tentative selectees for this position will be required to submit to a urine drug screen for illegal substances prior to appointment. This position is designated for testing for illegal drug use; after hiring, incumbents are subject to random testing. In addition to drug screening, candidates must meet specific medical and physical requirements.

  • Medical  exam

  • Psychological evaluation

  • You must appear before an oral interview panel and demonstrate that you possess the abilities and other characteristics important to Border Patrol Agent positions. Among these are interpersonal skills, judgment, and problem-solving abilities.


Background Clearance

You may be rated unsuitable for the Border Patrol Agent position if your background includes:

  • past or present arrests

  • convictions (including misdemeanor domestic violence charges)

  • dismissals from previous jobs

  • debts and financial issues

  • excessive use of alcohol

  • use of illegal drugs, and/or the sale and distribution of illegal drugs



  • Once accepted, you must undergo intensive physical and academic training, which includes a 12-week study of study at the CBP Border Patrol Academy, and subsequent training throughout the year.

  • If you did not pass the Spanish test as part of your entry exams, you will also be required to take Spanish until you do pass the Spanish exam.

Note: You should read the complete requirements as shown on the offical Border Patrol web site here.